Arduino-finger-print-sensor-security-system

Fingerprint and Arduino for biometric Security

Arduino Security Projects Uncategorized

No one can deny the importance of security in these days whether they are working in office or studying in school or college. And almost call the security systems are vulnerable to theft like RFID card scanner etc. However, if we want to make it further secure then we can use fingerprint scanner. So in this project we are using Arduino for building a security system that will use biometric security system.

Below is the equipment mentioned for this project.

  1. Push Button -4
  2. 1K Resistor -3
  3. Arduino Uno
  4. Finger Print Module
  5. LEDs -2
  6. Servo Motor -1
  7. Power Supply
  8. Bread Board -1
  9. 2.2K resistor -1`
  10. Cardboard Box
  11. Connecting wires
  12. 16×2 LCD -1

Fingerprint sensor is used to scan fingerprint. At the start it captures the finger print image, converts it to a template and saves it into memory on selected ID.

Working of this Fingerprint Sensor Door Lock is easy. In this project, we have used a gate that will be open when we place stored finger at the finger print module. First of all, the user needs to enroll finger with the help of push button/keys. To do this user need to press ENROLL key and then LCD asks for entering location/ID where finger will be a store. So now user needs to enter ID (Location) by using UP/DOWN keys. After selecting Location/ID user needs to press an OK key (DEL key). Now LCD will ask for placing finger over the finger print module. Now user needs to put his finger over finger print module. Then LCD will ask to remove the finger from finger print module and again ask for placing the finger. Now user needs to put his finger again over finger print module. Now finger print module takes an image and converts it into templates and stores it by selected ID in to the finger print module’s memory. Now user can open the gate by placing the same finger that he/she have added or enrolled into the system and then press MATCH key (UP/Down key). By the same method, the user can add more fingers

The working of this project is pretty much straight forward. At the start user will be asked to store his fingerprint as a template in Arduino memory.

Code

#include<LiquidCrystal.h>
LiquidCrystal lcd(13,12,11,10,9,8);
#include <SoftwareSerial.h>
SoftwareSerial fingerPrint(2, 3);
#include<Servo.h>

Servo myServo;

#include <Adafruit_Fingerprint.h>
uint8_t id;
Adafruit_Fingerprint finger = Adafruit_Fingerprint(&fingerPrint);

#define enroll 14
#define del 15
#define up 16
#define down 17
#define openLight 6
#define closeLight 7
#define servoPin 5

void setup()
{
delay(1000);
myServo.attach(servoPin);
myServo.write(180);
pinMode(enroll, INPUT_PULLUP);
pinMode(up, INPUT_PULLUP);
pinMode(down, INPUT_PULLUP);
pinMode(del, INPUT_PULLUP);
pinMode(openLight, OUTPUT);
pinMode(closeLight, OUTPUT);
lcd.begin(16,2);
lcd.print(“Security System”);
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print(“by Finger Print”);
delay(2000);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Circuit Digest”);
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print(“Saddam Khan”);
delay(2000);
finger.begin(57600);
Serial.begin(9600);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Finding Module”);
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
delay(1000);
if (finger.verifyPassword())
{
Serial.println(“Found fingerprint sensor!”);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Found Module “);
delay(1000);
}
else
{
Serial.println(“Did not find fingerprint sensor :(“);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“module not Found”);
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print(“Check Connections”);
while (1);
}
}

void loop()
{
lcd.setCursor(0,0);
lcd.print(“Press UP/Down “);
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print(“to start System”);
digitalWrite(closeLight, HIGH);
if(digitalRead(up)==0 || digitalRead(down)==0)
{
for(int i=0;i<5;i++)
{
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Place Finger”);
delay(2000);
int result=getFingerprintIDez();
if(result>=0)
{
digitalWrite(openLight, HIGH);
digitalWrite(closeLight, LOW);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Allowed”);
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print(“Gete Opened   “);
myServo.write(0);
delay(5000);
myServo.write(180);
digitalWrite(closeLight, HIGH);
digitalWrite(openLight, LOW);
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print(“Gate Closed   “);
return;
}
}
}
checkKeys();
delay(1000);
}

void checkKeys()
{
if(digitalRead(enroll) == 0)
{
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Please Wait”);
delay(1000);
while(digitalRead(enroll) == 0);
Enroll();
}

else if(digitalRead(del) == 0)
{
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Please Wait”);
delay(1000);
delet();
}
}

void Enroll()
{
int count=0;
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Enroll Finger    “);
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print(“Location:”);
while(1)
{
lcd.setCursor(9,1);
lcd.print(count);
if(digitalRead(up) == 0)
{
count++;
if(count>25)
count=0;
delay(500);
}

else if(digitalRead(down) == 0)
{
count–;
if(count<0)
count=25;
delay(500);
}
else if(digitalRead(del) == 0)
{
id=count;
getFingerprintEnroll();
return;
}

else if(digitalRead(enroll) == 0)
{
return;
}
}
}

void delet()
{
int count=0;
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Delete Finger    “);
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print(“Location:”);
while(1)
{
lcd.setCursor(9,1);
lcd.print(count);
if(digitalRead(up) == 0)
{
count++;
if(count>25)
count=0;
delay(500);
}

else if(digitalRead(down) == 0)
{
count–;
if(count<0)
count=25;
delay(500);
}
else if(digitalRead(del) == 0)
{
id=count;
deleteFingerprint(id);
return;
}

else if(digitalRead(enroll) == 0)
{
return;
}
}
}

uint8_t getFingerprintEnroll()
{
int p = -1;
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“finger ID:”);
lcd.print(id);
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print(“Place Finger”);
delay(2000);
while (p != FINGERPRINT_OK)
{
p = finger.getImage();
switch (p)
{
case FINGERPRINT_OK:
Serial.println(“Image taken”);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Image taken”);
break;
case FINGERPRINT_NOFINGER:
Serial.println(“No Finger”);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“No Finger”);
break;
case FINGERPRINT_PACKETRECIEVEERR:
Serial.println(“Communication error”);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Comm Error”);
break;
case FINGERPRINT_IMAGEFAIL:
Serial.println(“Imaging error”);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Imaging Error”);
break;
default:
Serial.println(“Unknown error”);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Unknown Error”);
break;
}
}

// OK success!

p = finger.image2Tz(1);
switch (p) {
case FINGERPRINT_OK:
Serial.println(“Image converted”);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Image converted”);
break;
case FINGERPRINT_IMAGEMESS:
Serial.println(“Image too messy”);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Image too messy”);
return p;
case FINGERPRINT_PACKETRECIEVEERR:
Serial.println(“Communication error”);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Comm Error”);
return p;
case FINGERPRINT_FEATUREFAIL:
Serial.println(“Could not find fingerprint features”);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Feature Not Found”);
return p;
case FINGERPRINT_INVALIDIMAGE:
Serial.println(“Could not find fingerprint features”);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Feature Not Found”);
return p;
default:
Serial.println(“Unknown error”);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Unknown Error”);
return p;
}

Serial.println(“Remove finger”);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Remove Finger”);
delay(2000);
p = 0;
while (p != FINGERPRINT_NOFINGER) {
p = finger.getImage();
}
Serial.print(“ID “); Serial.println(id);
p = -1;
Serial.println(“Place same finger again”);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Place Finger”);
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print(”   Again”);
while (p != FINGERPRINT_OK) {
p = finger.getImage();
switch (p) {
case FINGERPRINT_OK:
Serial.println(“Image taken”);
break;
case FINGERPRINT_NOFINGER:
Serial.print(“.”);
break;
case FINGERPRINT_PACKETRECIEVEERR:
Serial.println(“Communication error”);
break;
case FINGERPRINT_IMAGEFAIL:
Serial.println(“Imaging error”);
break;
default:
Serial.println(“Unknown error”);
return;
}
}

// OK success!

p = finger.image2Tz(2);
switch (p) {
case FINGERPRINT_OK:
Serial.println(“Image converted”);
break;
case FINGERPRINT_IMAGEMESS:
Serial.println(“Image too messy”);
return p;
case FINGERPRINT_PACKETRECIEVEERR:
Serial.println(“Communication error”);
return p;
case FINGERPRINT_FEATUREFAIL:
Serial.println(“Could not find fingerprint features”);
return p;
case FINGERPRINT_INVALIDIMAGE:
Serial.println(“Could not find fingerprint features”);
return p;
default:
Serial.println(“Unknown error”);
return p;
}

// OK converted!
Serial.print(“Creating model for #”);  Serial.println(id);

p = finger.createModel();
if (p == FINGERPRINT_OK) {
Serial.println(“Prints matched!”);
} else if (p == FINGERPRINT_PACKETRECIEVEERR) {
Serial.println(“Communication error”);
return p;
} else if (p == FINGERPRINT_ENROLLMISMATCH) {
Serial.println(“Fingerprints did not match”);
return p;
} else {
Serial.println(“Unknown error”);
return p;
}

Serial.print(“ID “); Serial.println(id);
p = finger.storeModel(id);
if (p == FINGERPRINT_OK) {
Serial.println(“Stored!”);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Stored!”);
delay(2000);
} else if (p == FINGERPRINT_PACKETRECIEVEERR) {
Serial.println(“Communication error”);
return p;
} else if (p == FINGERPRINT_BADLOCATION) {
Serial.println(“Could not store in that location”);
return p;
} else if (p == FINGERPRINT_FLASHERR) {
Serial.println(“Error writing to flash”);
return p;
}
else {
Serial.println(“Unknown error”);
return p;
}
}

int getFingerprintIDez()
{
uint8_t p = finger.getImage();

if (p != FINGERPRINT_OK)
return -1;

p = finger.image2Tz();
if (p != FINGERPRINT_OK)
return -1;

p = finger.fingerFastSearch();
if (p != FINGERPRINT_OK)
{
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Finger Not Found”);
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print(“Try Later”);
delay(2000);
return -1;
}
// found a match!
Serial.print(“Found ID #”);
Serial.print(finger.fingerID);
return finger.fingerID;
}

uint8_t deleteFingerprint(uint8_t id)
{
uint8_t p = -1;
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Please wait”);
p = finger.deleteModel(id);
if (p == FINGERPRINT_OK)
{
Serial.println(“Deleted!”);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Figer Deleted”);
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print(“Successfully”);
delay(1000);
}

else
{
Serial.print(“Something Wrong”);
lcd.clear();
lcd.print(“Something Wrong”);
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print(“Try Again Later”);
delay(2000);
return p;
}
}

Biometric Security System using Arduino and Fingerprint Sensor

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